Free pheonix slave dating
While your ancestor may have owned the wife and children, the husband may be a slave owned by a neighbor. Ayre near Sumpterville, SC and Elias Phoenix a neighbor’s servant was my husband according to slave custiom.Enslaved people can be found in the 1870 census finally living together as a family unit. We had been married only about a year when I was sold to a n***** trader and brought to West Tennessee and bought by Mr Thomas Kilpatrick, now dead of Tipton County, Tenn. Cornelia Nelson and went to live with her at Bartlett Station, this county.” The majority of enslaved people had nothing except a vague idea of how old they were.I’ll expand upon those two topics in this post, and I’m going to include a ton of hotlinks for further exploration.Here’s another idea for sharing: since so many researchers eventually find their way to Ancestry.com, how about adding any images of inventories/wills/deeds or other documents that mention slaves into the image galleries of the slaveholder in your Ancestry tree? I have written previously about how African-Americans can track slaveholders in family tree software (I use Rootsmagic) and it dawned on me to also recommend it to slaveholder descendants.Some have been fortunate to find the records of (usually) larger slaveholders that list slave births and deaths and I simply loved Mariann Regan’s sharing of the journal that documented enslaved people owned by her family.There are also many states and counties that have unique records with regard to slaves, for example, Virginia’s slave birth register and the slave statistics available in some Maryland counties, which tie former slaves to their owners and include their surnames.I do not remember to have ever met a slave who could tell of his birthday.
Combined with no legal marriages, proving their claims in Civil War claims was often a difficult task.
Next, I want to provide an overview of some general concepts of slave research that you may find helpful. They are only included before 1870 only if they were freed before 1865, which almost 1/2 million were.
Descendants of enslaved people must find the identity of the last slaveholder or we can’t get past 1870, period. 1870 is the first year every African-American is enumerated in the U. I should also note here that it was not uncommon for enslaved people to be married to free blacks, especially in areas like the Upper South where free blacks were more numerous.
I was positively encouraged that so many of you read my last blog post, and shared your feelings about being the descendants of slaveholders. At a time when so much ugliness is on display daily in our country, it heartens me that there are many, many others who are indeed enlightened, learning, and actively trying to combat and challenge outdated and false notions about race, history and identity. It was important to me to follow-up with the objective of providing more helpful information.
Many of you expressed the desire to share the information you’ve discovered about your family’s enslaved people and to understand more about their lives.